Here are a few advise to women on how to optimize their health before, during, and after pregnancy to prevent low birth weight and other problems.
Eat right – Your baby needs healthy food, not sugar and fat. Eat plenty of colorful fruits and vegetables, whole grains, calcium-rich foods, and foods low in saturated fat.
Get your vitamins – Make sure to get plenty of folic acid and calcium. You can get these and other necessary vitamins and minerals from food and a standard multivitamin. A daily prenatal multivitamin can help ensure you get the right amount. Ask your doctor about taking a daily prenatal vitamin.
Stay hydrated – A pregnant woman’s body needs more water than normal. Aim for eight or more cups each day.
Proper prenatal care – Women should get regular prenatal care from a healthcare professional. Mothers who don’t get regular prenatal care are much more likely to have a child with low birth weight.